Terrorism Studies

Research Areas


Terrorism Group Formation & Recruitment

Terrorism Group Persistence and Dynamics

Societal Impact of Terrorism

Societal- behavioral and cultural factors that influence violent extremism

Emergence operations and interactions of domestic terrorists

Collecting coding and using data to inform decisions

Resilience and risk communication


About Us

University of Maryland
8400 Baltimore Ave, Suite 250
College Park, MD 20740
Tel:  301-405-6600
Email:  infostart@start.umd.edu
Website:  www.start.umd.edu

START Factsheet

Leadership:

Gary LaFree is the Founding Director of the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) at the University of Maryland, as well as the Chair and a Professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland. 

William Braniff is the Director of the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) and a Professor of the Practice in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland.

Project Search

National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism

Emeritus

The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) is a university-based research center headed by the University of Maryland and is committed to the scientific study of the causes and human consequences of terrorism in the United States and around the world.

Center Activity

Research Spotlights

Pre-radicalization criminal activity is strongest predictor of post-radicalization violent extremism

Individuals who engaged in non-violent or violent crime prior to radicalizing were 1.85 times more likely to engage in acts of violent extremism after radicalizing than were extremists without criminal histories, according to new analysis of START’s Profiles of Radicalization in the United States dataset. A new research brief includes an analysis of the likelihood of pre-radicalization criminality for U.S. extremists, a look at the pre-radicalization criminal behaviors that are most prevalent amongst extremists with criminal histories, and information on the average age of earliest criminal activity for non-violent and violent extremists. Read more.

START launches cyber threat mitigation course

START has launched its newest online training course, “Cyber Threats You Face and Ways to Mitigate Them,” a three-hour course to introduce learners to the threat landscape of cyberspace, the cyber threats all people and organizations face, and the best ways to mitigate them. Intended for information technology personnel and the general public, Continuing Education Unit credits are available. Read more.

U.S. perpetrators tend to attack close to home
In recent years, more than half of terrorism incidents have occurred within 30 miles of the perpetrator’s city of residence, indicating an increasing prevalence for terrorists in the United States to live closer to the target than in years past, according to a new START report based on data from the American Terrorism Study. Read more.
 
Proportion of terrorist attacks by religious and right-wing extremists on the rise in United States
Terrorist attacks in the United States between 2010 and 2016 were typically carried out by individual perpetrators who were only loosely linked to a specific organization or ideological movement, according to a recent START report. Based on analysis from START’s Global Terrorism Database (GTD), the report categorizes the 2,794 terrorist attacks and 3,659 resulting deaths in the United States from 1970-2016 by the ideology of the attacker(s) and explains the ideological patterns of these attacks by decade. Read more.
 
Fact Sheet: American Deaths in Terrorist Attacks
From 1995-2016, more than 3,600 Americans have been killed in terrorist attacks worldwide.  Of those, 3,277 Americans were killed in attacks in the United States – 2,902 in the September 11 Attacks alone. Read more.

New data: Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States
A new research brief summarizes findings from START’s Profiles of Radicalization in the United States (PIRUS) database, which now includes information on 1,867 Islamist, far-left, far-right, and single-issue extremists who have radicalized to violent and non-violent extremism in the United States from 1948 through 2016. Read more and download the data.
 
Profiling the CB adversary: Motivation, psychology and decision
Using START’s newly developed Chemical and Biological Non-State Adversaries Database (CABNSAD), a new study recently examined the influence of personal, ideological and situational factors on the likelihood of a perpetrator choosing to pursue the use of chemical or biological weapons. Read more
 
Advancing understanding of tornado warnings, false alarms and complacency 
In light of National Preparedness Month, START recently published this infographic highlighting findings from a study of tornado warnings, which was designed to help improve risk communication practices in severe weather events. Read more

Terrorist attack deaths increase in Iraq, the West, despite decrease worldwide
The number of terrorist attacks and resulting deaths worldwide decreased in 2016, but an increase in activity in Iraq and the ongoing violence of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) curbed the reduction, according to a new report from START. Though the vast majority of attacks (87%) and deaths (97%) occurred in the Middle East & North Africa, South Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa, 2016 was the deadliest year in Western Europe with respect to terrorist attacks since 1988. Read more.
 
CVE-tailored community policing is key to protecting communities at risk for violent radicalization
Adopting a community policing model is a necessary approach to better protect and serve communities at risk for violent radicalization, according to a new START study. The independent research study -- a process evaluation of Los Angeles Police Department’s CVE-tailored community policing strategy – concluded that the community policing approach helped humanize officers and shifted attitudes of immigrant and refugee communities who had initially feared and turned away from police. Read more.  

US Muslims with radical opinions feel more alienated and depressed
Negative feelings and emotions are related to political opinions, including radical opinions, of U.S. Muslims, according to new study from START. The new report, which details results from the seventh wave of a survey of U.S. Muslims, shows that the same factors of alienation and depression common among lone actor terrorists are also found among individuals with radical opinions. Read more.

New report assesses the ‘Jihadi Industry’
A new START report details the key differences in leadership, organizational structure and innovation across 10 active jihadi organizations and outlines potential policy implications for the monitoring and analysis of these organizations. The report also outlines how Da’esh leads the ‘Jihadi Industry’ in all performance metrics, but has been degraded in the past couple of years. Read more.
 
MELTT tool aims to aid event-based quantitative research
A team of START-affiliated researchers have released a new tool that integrates event datasets typical in unstable political climates as part of a larger project that uses data science to help predict political instability. “Matching Event Data by Location, Time and Type” or MELTT is now available to the public on the CRAN repository for R software packages. Read more.
 
Call for Proposals: START/Oxford book series
START is partnering with Oxford University Press to sponsor a new book series on the causes, conduct and consequences of terrorism. Edited by Gary LaFree, Anthony Lemieux and Gary Ackerman, the interdisciplinary series will approach terrorism conceptually as having a developmental “life cycle” that includes the origins of political extremism and the formation of terrorist groups; terrorist dynamics and persistence; and societal responses to terrorism.  Read more and submit a proposal.

Background Report: Mass Casualty Explosives Attacks in Iraq and Afghanistan
In the aftermath of a series of deadly terrorist attacks in Baghdad and Kabul involving vehicle bombs, START has compiled information from the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) on terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan and the use of explosives—particularly vehicle-borne explosives and suicide tactics—in terrorist attacks. Read more.
 
Gang members, domestic extremists vastly different, says first study to compare the two
Domestic extremists tend to be much older, better education, more affluent, more religious and more likely to be white than street gang members, according to a sweeping new University of Colorado-Boulder study that systematically compares the groups for the first time. Read more.
 

START inks new book series with Oxford University Press
START is partnering with Oxford University Press to sponsor a new book series on the causes, conduct and consequences of terrorism. Edited by Gary LaFree, Anthony Lemieux and Gary Ackerman, the interdisciplinary series will approach terrorism conceptually as having a developmental “life cycle” that includes the origins of political extremism and the formation of terrorist groups; terrorist dynamics and persistence; and societal responses to terrorism.  Read more and submit a proposal.
 

New report examines U.S. Muslim opinions about ISIS, Syria and the U.S. presidential election
U.S. Muslims continue to hold very negative opinions of suicide bombing and of ISIS, and endorse allowing more Syrian refugees into the United States, according to results from the sixth wave of an internet poll of U.S. Muslims. The poll also found a positive correlation between radical opinions and participants’ feelings of alienation. Read more.

New report explores debates among Salafi Muslims about the use of violence
A new summary report from START identifies and explains religious concepts that are central to debates among Salafi Muslims about whether and when to use violence to attain political ends. Read more.

Key concepts to understand violent White supremacy
In recent months, many attacks and threats have been linked to violent White supremacists or used rhetoric commonly associated with violent White supremacy, making apparent the need to better understand this group of actors. New START research identifies and explains 13 different prominent narratives used by U.S. violent White supremacist extremists. The brief also summarizes key concepts about ideology and typology. Read more
 
Understanding Radicalization: The Two-Pyramids model
Published in a special issue of American Psychologist, new analysis by START researchers explains how the study of radicalization has evolved and explores the security and research implications of a two-pyramid model that separates radicalization of opinion from radicalization of action. Read more.

Gray Zone crises in MENA and Eastern Europe
A new research brief from START’s ICONS team offers lessons learned from simulation exercises exploring capabilities needed for effective operation in Gray Zone crises in the Middle East/North Africa region and Eastern Europe. Read more.
 
Terrorist threats to critical infrastructure
A recently released START report provides an overview of terrorist threats to critical infrastructure in the United States, based on patterns of terrorism from 1970-2015. The report highlights trends, perpetrators and tactics and weapons. Read more.

More plot participants, greater rate of attack success
A new START study examines how the planning process affects the outcome of a terrorist plot and finds that the more people that were involved in planning a terrorist attack in the United States, the more likely it was to be successful. Read more.

Comparing homicides committed by Islamist and far-right extremists
Preliminary 2015-2016 data from the Extremist Crime Database is explored in a new infographic comparing homicides committed by Islamist and far-right extremists in the United States. Read more.

Majority of jihadist plots in the United States have been foiled
A new infographic summarizes interim findings from a START project that identified and examined 109 jihadist-linked plots to use violence against the U.S. homeland between January 1993 and February 2016. The majority of the plots (72%) were completely foiled. Read more.
 
Report examines U.S. Muslim reaction to the war on terrorism
Reviewing the 2007 and 2011 Pew polls of U.S. Muslims, a new START study compares opinions relating to the war on terrorism among six origin groups (Muslims born in Iran, Pakistan, other South Asian countries, Arab countries, and sub-Saharan African countries), as well as African-American Muslims. Though there were slight changes in responses over time, there were some important differences in responses among origin groups. Read more.

Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States (PIRUS) now available
PIRUS is a cross-sectional, quantitative dataset of individuals in the United States who radicalized to the point of violent or non-violent ideologically motivated criminal activity, or ideologically motivated association with a foreign or domestic extremist organization from 1948 until 2013.

Current Projects

A Typology of Terrorism Involvement
PI: John Horgan

Deradicalization of Extremists
PI: Arie Kruglanski and Michele Gelfand

Using Experimental Research to Study the Dynamics of Radicalization, Terrorism, and Counterterrorism
PI: Anthony Lemieux

Rapid Tracking of Anti-American Attitudes
PI: Clark McCauley

Mapping and Evaluating Online Salafi-Jihadism
PI: Jarret Brachman, Arie Kruglanski, Michele Gelfand

Framing Global Salafi-Jihadist Messages in the West
PI: Peter R. Neumann

Social, Behavioral, Cultural, and Economic (SBCE) Impacts on Terrorist Activity
PI: Gary LaFree and Laura Dugan

Dynamics of Terrorism and Counterterrorism Campaigns
PI: Victor Asal, R, Karl Rethemeyer, Joseph Young

Terrorist Behavior and Societal Tolerance of Violence
PI: Risa Brooks

Ideologies and Motivations of Terrorist Organizations
PI: Gary Ackerman and Assaf Moghadam

One God for All?  Fundamentalism and Group Radicalization
PI: Johanna Birnir and Satana Nil

Organizational Determinants of Violence and Capacity for Destruction
PI: Gina Ligon

Recruitment and Radicalization among US Far-Right Terrorists
PI: Peter R. Simi

Patterns of US Extremist Crime
PI: Joshua Freilich, Steven M. Chermak, Jeffrey  Gruenewald, William S. Parkin

Social Identity and Perceptions of Counterterrorism
PI: Dennis Glasford

Terrorist Attacks on the Homeland
PI: Gary LaFree, Laura Dugan

Radicalization of al-Qa-ida Inspired Terrorists in the United States
PI: Clark McCauley and Sophia Moskalenko

Countering Terrorism in the United States
PI: Erica Chenoweth and Laura Dugan

US Policies and Extremist Motivations
PI: Brooke Fisher Liu

Comparing Failed, Foiled, Completed and Successful Terrorist Attacks
PI: Martha Crenshaw, Erik Dahl, and Margaret Wilson

Family and Community Capacities among US Minorities: a Key to Preventing Violent Extremism
PI: Stevan Weine

Geospatial and Temporal Patterns of US Terrorism
PI: Brent Smith and Kelly Damphousse

US Crime-Terror Nexus: Terrorist Networks & Trade Diversion
PI: Joshua Freilich, Steven M. Chermak, Roberta Belli

Tracking Attitudes within American Subculture
PI: Clark McCauley, Sophia Moskalenko

Factors Impacting the US Intelligence Process
PI: David Carter, Steven M. Chermak, Jeremy Carter

Mental Models of Intelligence Collectors and Analysts for Characterizing Adversarial Threats
PI: James L. Regens

Global Terrorism Database: Collection and Coding
PI: Gary LaFree, Luara Dugan, Victor Asal, R. Karl Rethemeyer

Terrorist and Extremist Organizations (TEO) Database
PI: Victor Asal, R. Karl Rethemeyer, Jonathan Wilkenfeld

Validating Models of Adversary Behavior
PI: Jun Zhuang, Vicki Bier

Unifying Approaches to Adversarial Modeling
PI: Ronald Breiger, H.Brinton Milward, Charles Ragin

Modeling Terrorism Onset and Intensity Dynamics Using the GTD
PI: Claudio Cloffi-Revilla

Modeling the Emergence of Leaders in Self-Organizing Social Networks
PI: Nina Fefferman

Insurgencies as Networks of Event Orderings
Sociological Theory
Breiger, Ronald L., and Julia Grace Smith

Integrating Conflict Event Data
Journal of Conflict Resolution
Donnay, Karsten, and Eric T. Dunford, Erin C. McGrath

Fratricidal Jihadists: Why Islamists Keep Losing their Civil Wars
Middle East Policy
Hafez, Mohammed M.

How Human Boundaries Become State Borders: Radical Flanks and Territorial Control in the Modern Era
Comparative Politics
Krause, Peter, and Ehud Eiran

Keeping Hospitals Operating During Disasters Through Crisis Communication Preparedness
Public Relations Review
Liu, Brooke Fisher, and Brooke M. Fowler, Holly A. Roberts, Emina Herovic

Images of Death and Dying in ISIS Media: A Comparison of English and Arabic Print Publications

Media, War & Conflict

Winkler, Carol, and Kareem El Damanhoury, Aaron Dicker, Anthony Lemieux

 

The Intersection of Homicide, Terrorism, and Violent Extremism

Homicide Studies

Lafree, Gary, and Jeff Gruenewald

 

Did far-right extremist violence really spike in 2017?

START Researchers William Parkin, Joshua Freilich and Steven Chermak wrote this editorial piece about far-right extremism in 2017 based on data from the Extremist Crime Database. Read more.

Political Fragmentation and Alliances among Armed Non-state Actors in North and Western Africa
Terrorism and Political Violence
Walther, Olivier, and Christian Leuprecht, David B. Skillicorn
 
Fratricidal Rebels: Ideological Extremity and Warring Factionalism in Civil Wars
Terrorism and Political Violence
Hafez, Mohammed M.
 

Crime Pays: Terrorist Group Engagement in Crime and Survival
Terrorism and Political Violence
Piazza, James A., and Scott Piazza

Defensibility and Risk Management
Homeland Security Affairs
Bier, Vicki, and Alexander Gutfraind, Ziyang Lu
 
Are Honor Killings Unique? A Comparison of Honor Killings, Domestic Violence Homicides, and Hate Homicides by Far-Right Extremists
Homicide Studies
Hayes, Brittany E., and Colleen E. Mills, Joshua D. Freilich, Steven M. Chermak
 
Autologistic Models for Benchmark Risk or Vulnerability Assessment of Urban Terrorism Outcomes
Statistics in Society
Liu, Jingyu, and Walter W. Piegorsch, A. Grant Schissler, Susan L. Cutter
 
Understanding Terrorism and Counter-terrorism
Routledge
Singh, Rashmi, and Jorge Lasmar

Partner Selection in Disaster Relief: Partnership Formation in the Presence of Incompatible Agencies
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Coles, John B., and Jing Zhang, Jun Zhuang
 
Electing Peace: From Civil Conflict to Political Participation
Cambridge University Press
Matanock, Aila M.
 
Climate Change and Cross-State Islamist Terrorism in Nigeria
Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy
Price, Gregory N., and Juliet U. Elu
 
An Evaluation of Displacement and Diffusion Effects on Eco-Terrorist Activities After Police Interventions
Journal of Quantitative Criminology
Yang, Sue Ming, and I-Chin Jen

Addicted to hate: Identity residual among former white supremacists
American Sociological Review
Simi, Pete, and Kathleen Blee, Matthew DeMichele, Steven Windisch
 
Using open source data to track worldwide terrorism patterns
Pathways to Peace and Security
LaFree, Gary
 
The impact of the Orlando mass shooting on fear and victimization and gun-purchasing intentions: Not what one might expect
PLoS One
Stroebe, Wolfgang, and N. Pontus Leander, Arie W. Kruglanski
 
Introducing the AMAR (All Minorities at Risk) data
Journal of Conflict Resolution
Birnir, Johanna K., and David D. Laitin, Jonathan Wilkenfeld, David M. Waguespack, Agatha S. Hultquist, Ted R. Gurr?

Countering Terrorism
Brookings
Crenshaw, Martha, and Gary LaFree

What Motivates the Blue Line for Technology Adoption? Insights from a Police Expert Panel and Survey
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management
Egnoto, Michael and Gary Ackerman, Irina Iles, Holly Ann Roberts, Daniel Steven Smith, Brooke Fisher Liu, Brandon, Behlendorf
 
Islamic Politics, Muslim States, and Counterterrorism Tensions
Cambridge University Press
Henne, Peter
 
Understanding the Adoption Process of National Security Technology: An Integration of Diffusion of Innovations and Volitional Behavior Theories
Risk Analysis
Iles, Irina A., and Michael J. Egnoto, Brooke Fisher Liu, Gary Ackerman, Holly Roberts, Daniel Smith
 
Studying Terrorism Empirically: What We Know About What We Don’t Know
Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice
Safer-Lichtenstein, Aaron, and Gary LaFree, Thomas Loughran
 
Expert Views on Biological Threat Characterization for the U.S. Government: A Delphi Study
Risk Analysis
Watson, Crystal R., and Matthew C. Watson, Gary Ackerman, Gigi Kwik Gronvall?

Exploring the Subculture of Ideologically Motivated Cyber-Attackers
Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice
Holt, Thomas J., and Joshua D. Freilich, Steven M. Chermak
 
Is a picture worth a thousand words? The effects of maps and warning messages on how publics respond to disaster information
Public Relations Review
Liu, Brooke Fisher, and Michele M. Wood, Michael Egnoto, Hamilton Bean, Jeannette Sutton, Dennis Mileti, Stephanie Madden
 
Tracking Radical Opinions in Polls of U.S. Muslims
Perspectives on Terrorism
Fajmonova, Veroniká, and Sophia Moskalenko, Clark McCauley
 

Criminology & Public Policy: Vol 16, Issue 1

The Role of Anger in the Radicalization of Terrorists
ABC-CLIO
Davenport, Cory
 
Know thy enemy: Education about terrorism improves social attitudes toward terrorists
Journal of Experimental Psychology
Theriault, Jordan, and Peter Krause, Liane Young
 

Student Opportunities at START

START is currently offering unpaid internships on several of its research projects. Internships are open to undergraduate and graduate students. Unless otherwise stated students at any institution may apply. https://www.start.umd.edu/careers/internships

Graduate Certificate in Terrorism Analysis

START's Graduate Certificate in Terrorism Analysis provides participants with advanced education on the causes, dynamics, and impacts of international and domestic terrorism. Participants also develop the methodological skills necessary to pursue advanced research on and analysis of terrorism. This program is appropriate for both academicians and practitioners and is flexible in structure. Students can complete the program in as little as 9 months to 24 months. For a more detailed virtual information packet, please email education@start.umd.edu.

For information on all of START’s educational and professional development opportunities, visit https://www.start.umd.edu/education/about-education

‘Understanding Terrorism and the Terrorist Threat’ with START’s free, online course
Registration is now open for START’s Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on “Understanding Terrorism and the Terrorist Threat,” which starts March 13. The eight-week course, offered through the University of Maryland and Coursera, will explore questions relating to the who, what and how of terrorism studies by introducing students to cutting edge research and the experts investigating these topics. Read more or register now.

Maryland Frame takes second place at ADL Collegiate Competition to Innovate Against Hate
A team of seven University of Maryland students took second place in the Anti-Defamation League’s inaugural “Innovate Against Hate” Campus Challenge. Maryland Frame is a social media initiative created to promote dialogue within communities to encourage justice, equality, and inclusion while empowering other students to create their own initiatives. Maryland Frame has specifically focused on helping the immigrant, international and undocumented students on UMD’s campus, while empowering the silent majority to reach out to these groups. Read more

UMD’s “It Takes Just One” wins national competition to curb violent extremism
The “It Takes Just One” campaign, begat by START minor program students in September 2016, rose above 49 competing teams from across the United States to win the Peer to Peer: Challenging Extremism Initiative last month. The competition is a U.S. government effort aimed at finding new ways to challenge extremism and is led by the Department of Homeland Security, managed by EdVenture Partners, and supported by Facebook. Read more.

DHS award helps UDC students spend summers with START
A recipient of the University of the District of Columbia’s Scientific Leadership Award, Justin Mayes is spending a second summer interning with START. The award, funded by the Department of Homeland Security, seeks to promote diversity in the national security realm. Read more.

Five START students earn competitive Boren Scholarships
For the sixth consecutive year, University of Maryland undergraduate students won more Boren Scholarships than students from any other university in the United States. Five of the 11 UMD students selected this year have participated in START’s flagship internship program. Read more

New crisis leadership project engages underclassmen in research
With the aid of a fresh class of student researchers, START is seeking the answers to how leaders effectively prepare and communicate during terrorist attacks and other crisis situations, as well as how they enable collaboration between organizations during crises. The project, which is funded by the Department of Homeland Security, is engaging underclassmen in research through the University of Maryland’s First-Year Innovation and Research Experience (FIRE) program, specifically the Risk Communication and Resilience team. Read more.

New 'FIRE chief' aims to empower students through research
With more than six years of research and teaching experience at the university level, Dr. Emina Herovi? is no stranger to higher education, but she recently found a new way to explore her long-held interests. Earlier this year, she took the reins of START’s First-Year Innovation and Research Experience (FIRE) stream in Risk Communication and Resilience (RCR), a highly competitive University of Maryland program designed to provide first-year students with inquiry-based experiences and broad personal and academic mentorship. Read more.

Tennis and U.S. Army give way to “American Dream”
At age 17, START intern Mariami Dolashvili left her sister, parents and friends in Crimea to set out on her own in the United States. Just two months later, Russia invaded her hometown and her family fled to Germany. Now, she looks ahead to enlisting in the U.S. Army after her graduation later this year. Read more.
 
START students SPARC others to challenge extremism
This month, a team of students from START’s Department of Homeland Security-funded Career Development Program presented their work with the Peer to Peer (P2P): Challenging Extremism initiative, for which they earned Honorable Mention, a distinction reserved for the top ten teams out of 50 participants. Read more.

Graduate Certificate bridges master’s and doctoral programs
Like many others, Sarah Muskovitz became interested in terrorism studies in college. But unlike others, it wasn’t a dynamic professor or cool course that piqued her interest; it was where she lived. Her experiences in a large Somali neighborhood in Minneapolis shaped her research interests and led her to enroll in START’s Graduate Certificate in Terrorism Analysis. Read more.
 
NIH fellow, former START intern strives to create culture of responsible scientific investigation
As Marissa Latterman works her way through a competitive fellowship with the National Institutes of Health, she finds herself calling upon her training as a Chemical Biological Special Projects Intern for START. Read more.

START recognized for expanding access for underrepresented students
The University of Maryland’s President’s Commission on Ethic Minority Issues (PCEMI) recently honored START’s education team with an award for its work promoting diversity. In the past few years, START’s Terrorism Studies Program has raised its racial and ethnic minority representation from approximately 20 percent to nearly 40 percent, thereby reaching similar levels of minority student representation as is characterized by the University as a whole. Read more.

Technology Transition

With its E2E initiative, START proposes to support this vital DHS mission of ensuring that government officials and law enforcement officers are empowered with the information and resources that they need to prevent violence linked to extremism. More specifically, through a four-year initiative called Supporting CVE Efforts through Resources and Training (CVE R&T), START will:

  1. Develop objective and scientifically validated resources designed to enhance expertise about dynamics of extremist violence for those engaged in CVE efforts at the Federal, state, local and tribal levels, and  
  2. Disseminate CVE training materials and courses rooted in scientific research, throughout DHS and to its partner agencies.

 

 

Research Partners

American University

Bilkent University

Bowie State University

Bryn Mawr College

California State University, Fullerton

Center for Biosecurity, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Columbia University

Dartmouth College

Decision Path, Inc

Florida International University

George Mason University

Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya

John Jay College, CUNY

King's College London

Liverpool University

Marquette University

Michigan State University

Morehouse College

National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago

Naval Postgraduate School

North Carolina Central University

North Dakota State University

Pennsylvania State University

Phoenix College, Maricopa Community College

Rush University Medical Center

Rutgers University

Southern Illinois University

Stanford University

State University of New York (SUNY)

University of Arizone

University of Arkansas

University of Colorado

University of Haifa

University of Illinois, Chicago

University of Nebraska, Ohama

University of Oklahoma

University of South Carolina

University of Wiconsin

Villanova University

Wesleyan University